What are the natural fibers?
Fibers obtained from an animal or a plant are known as natural fibers, they are mainly used on textiles but some of the fibers coming from plants can be used to make ropes as well and today we will explain further about the existing fibers.
Natural fibers are proteins resistant to organic acids, as some examples we can find the following ones:
- Cotton – Cotton is comfortable for clothes, it easily absorbs perspiration and water in general, it tends to shrink and fade, and cotton’s cost is relatively high. There are two types of cotton: Pima and tanguis.
- Linen – This fiber is highly resistant and very much elastic, it is a good thermal conductor, so the weaves use to be fresh. Linen resists better than cotton and wrinkles less. There are different types of linen, depending on the type of plant, but among some the main ones we find: common and perennial linen.
- Silk – A protean filament produced by the silkworm. Silk is a very light fiber, resistant to wet and dry traction, and it is also excellent to absorb humidity, even when it is resistant to it. A disadvantage of silk is that it decomposes with heat and light. There are several types such as: crape, done by rolling two raw silk yarns , bending two or more of them and rolling them up again. Twine, obtained by making a preliminary twist to the silk thread in a direction and rolling two or more of these threads on the opposite direction, approximately 4 twists per centimeter. Weft, made by twisting two or more threads in a direction, with 8 to 12 twists per centimeter.
- Wool – Tends to fade out with light, but it has a mechanical resistance and elasticity. If wool wet, it can be little resistant, it is soft at touch and it can be obtained from different types of animals, such as rabbits, goats, and sheep, which are the most known to get wool from.
“Synthetic fibers are essential to textile manufacturers to create fabrics that maquiladoras will then use to manufacture clothes with different type of designs for everyone, but nowadays, some people is preferring natural fibers, at the end, the final consumer, has the choice as to what kind of textiles they like better ”, commented Salomon Juan Marcos Villarreal, president of Grupo Denim.
If you want to know more about fibers in general, visit us at thetextileindustry.com and you will find a note named “Fibers and their properties”.